Nasal Polyposis: Symptoms, Prognosis, And Treatment

The nasal polyps are whitish formations that appear inside the nostrils or sinuses and are due to an inflammatory process of the mucosa.

These polyps are benign but can grow to the point of completely obstructing the nostrils.

The great experience of the University of Navarra Clinic in the endoscopic removal of polyps makes the intervention less aggressive.

The subsequent control of the patients, together with an adequate diagnosis of the allergic cause, allows a good evolution to be achieved in many patients.

Most common symptoms:

  • Impaired smell (anosmia).
  • Increased nasal mucus.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Snoring.

What are the causes?

The cause of nasal polyposis is unknown. The cause was initially believed to be allergic, but this is not always the case. Repeated inflammations of the nasal mucosa, due, for example, to rhinitis or sinusitis, anatomical alterations of the nostrils or paranasal sinuses, may be factors that favor the appearance of nasal polyps.

Treatment

Traditional treatment is not always effective: sometimes, they only respond to corticosteroids, and when surgery is performed, polyps sometimes reappear within a few months if they are not adequately respected.

Endonasal endoscopic surgery is a very effective procedure to correct nasal pathologies such as sinusitis, septal deviation, polyps, and tumors of the nose, skull base tumors …

It is done through the opening of the nostrils: without incisions. A thin fiber-optic instrument (endoscope) is inserted through the nose.

The intervention facilitates the drainage of mucus from the sinuses without risk of damaging the natural function of the mucosa, reduces pain, improves breathing, and even smells and sleep. he hospitalization period is minimal.